Rsync is a very flexible network-enabled tool for transferring the data from Linux to Linux machine. It copies only changed files if all the data is already at the remote locations. Let’s see, how to copy data using rsync and scp command.
Copy Data Using Rsync And SCP Command On Linux 7:
SCP the command is also used to transfer the data on the Linux machine but it copies all the data again if data already exists in the remote locations.
Suppose you have folder name file1 and the same folder exist on the remote location and you just want to add only changed file. So rsync is the solution for this.
rsync -avzfh /currentpathlocation email@example.com:/destinationlocation
The above command will work if you have allowed ssh on 22 port. If ssh port changed to some other ports. So you need to run the below command.
rsync -avzfh -e ‘ssh -p 4000’ /currentpathlocation –progress firstname.lastname@example.org:/destinationlocation
Rsync on a local server, just simply run the below command
rsync -avzfh folder_location folder_destination
you can also use –-include and –-exclude command to match the pattern.
rsync -avzfh –-include “a* –-exlude “*.txt”f older_location folder_destination
Support if file or directory doesn’t exist at the source but exist at the destination and you want to delete it while syncing then use –delete
rsync -avzfh --delete /currentpathlocation 192.168.1.3:destinationlocation
you can also set the max file size to be sent over the network using rsync.
rsync -avzfh ssh --max-size=”100MB” /currentpathlocation email@example.com:/destinationlocation
let’s suppose we need to delete the source files automatically,
rsync -avzfh --remove-source-files /currentpathlocation –progress firstname.lastname@example.org:/destinationlocation
Set bandwidth limit and transfer files with “–bwlimit=100”.
Step 2: SCP Commands
you can use scp command to copy the files on both remote and local servers.
scp -r folder_location folder_destination
And you can also use scp command for a remote location,
scp -P port folder_location folder_destination